CDS Test series ( IMA-INA-AFA )
CDS Test series ( OTA )
Download CDS Previous Year Question Paper
CDS Exam Details
What is CDS Exam?
CDS or Combined Defence Services Exam is held every year to recruit eligible young individuals for various armed forces throughout India. This exam provides individuals who dream of serving the nation by part of being in the armed forces with a great opportunity to do so.
CDS exam is conducted to select candidates in the following armed forces:
- Indian Army
- Indian Navy
- Indian Airforce
- Naval Academy
- Officers Training Academy
Both men and women can find many opportunities through this exam. Women/girls can also apply for the CDS exam under the posts of Officer Training Academy (OTA) only. It is a great career path field with glory and respect. Candidates who are interested in defence should definitely attempt this exam and start their journey with any one of the prestigious institutions of the Indian Defence Forces.
CDS 2022 Exam Latest News
CDS 1 admit card 2022 link is activated on 14th March 2022. Candidates who have filled up the CDS form are eligible to download the CDS admit card 2022 through the direct link available on the official website of UPSC. However, we have also shared the direct link to download the CDS admit card as available officially.
Previously, Union Public Service Commission has issued the CDS notification 2022. It controls the entire examination process. Candidates should stay up to date with the latest happenings of the CDS exam to not miss any important deadlines. Stay tuned for more updates.
- 23rd March 2022: UPSC has officially declared the CDS 1 2021 final result along with the cut off marks.
- 10th April 2022: CDS 1 exam date 2022.
- 14th March 2022: UPSC released the CDS 1 admit card.
- 11th January 2022: CDS 1 application form was closed.
- 22nd December 2021: CDS 1 2022 notification was released. Along with this, CDS 1 application form link was also activated.
CDS 2022 Exam Highlights
|Name of exam||Combined Defence Services Examination|
|Conducted by||Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)|
|Exam frequency||Twice a year|
|Exam duration||Two hours|
|Language of question paper||English and Hindi|
|Application Fee||INR 200/-|
|Exam Purpose||To select candidates as Commissioned Officers in Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force|
|Vacancies||CDS I: 341CDS II: to be announced|
|No of the test cities||41|
CDS Exam Date 2022: Important Exam Schedule for CDS 1
Knowing the CDS 2022 exam dates will help candidates plan their preparation for the different stages in advance. To prepare in the most manner for the CDS 1 exam 2022, candidates must go through the relevant dates. Being acquainted with the exam schedule is always an advantage that can significantly improve the chances of cracking the exam.
|CDS 1 2022 notification release date||22nd December 2021|
|CDS 1 2022 apply online begins||22nd December 2021|
|Last date to apply online||11th January 2022|
|CDS admit card 2022||14th March 2022|
|CDS 1 2022 exam date||10th April 2022|
|CDS 1 result 2022||–|
CDS Vacancy 2022 Department-wise
UPSC has released the CDS 1 vacancy details along with the official notification. We have updated the department-wise vacancy details below for your reference.
CDS 1 Vacancy 2022
|Department||Number of Vacancies|
|Indian Military Academy (IMA)||100|
|Indian Naval Academy (INA)||22|
|Air Force Academy (AFA)||32|
|Officer Training Academy – Men (OTA)||170|
|Officer Training Academy – Women (OTA)||17|
CDS 2 Vacancy 2021
UPSC CDS 1 2021 vacancy details are given below for every post released under the official notification for the reference of the candidates. A total of 345 vacancies are rolled out including women vacancies as stated below:
|Department||Number of Vacancies|
|Indian Military Academy, Dehradun- 153rd (DE) Course commencing in July 2022[including 13 vacancies reserved for NCC `C’ Certificate (Army Wing) holders]||100|
|Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala- Course 22 commencing in July 2022 Executive Branch (General Service)/Hydro [including 03 vacancies for NCC ‘C’ Certificate (Naval Wing through NCC Special Entry) holders]||22|
|Air Force Academy, Hyderabad- (Pre-Flying) 32 Training Course commencing in July 2022 i.e. No. 212 F(P) Course.[including 03 vacancies are reserved for NCC `C’ Certificate (Air Wing) holders through NCC Spl. Entry]||32|
|Officers’ Training Academy, Chennai (Madras)- 116th SSC (Men) (NT) (UPSC) Course commencing in October 2022||169|
|Officers Training Academy, Chennai (Madras)- 30th SSC Women (NT) (UPSC) Course commencing in October 2022.||16|
CDS 1 Vacancy 2021
UPSC CDS 1 2021 vacancy details are given below for every post released under the official notification. A total of 345 vacancies are rolled out including women vacancies as stated below:
|Department||Number of Vacancies|
|Indian Military Academy, Dehradun||100|
|Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala||26|
|Air Force Academy, Hyderabad||32|
|Officers’ Training Academy, Chennai (Madras)||170|
|Officers Training Academy, Chennai (Madras)||17|
CDS Application Fee
- The fee for the CDS application form is ₹ 200/-
- SC/ST/Females are exempted from fee payment.
- The payment submission is available in both offline and online modes.
- The payment can be done via Net Banking, Mastercard/Debit Card or cash deposit in any branch of SBI Bank.
CDS Eligibility Criteria 2022
The candidates are advised to check the eligibility criteria before applying for CDS 2022 examination.
TO be eligible for CDS exam 2022, a candidate should be:
- The Citizenship of India, or
- The subject of Nepal/Bhutan, or
- Tibetan refugee who had been migrated to India before January 01, 1962 with the intention of Permanent Settle, or
- An individual of Indian Origin migrated from Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Malawi, Zambia, Zaire & Vietnam for permanent settlement purposes in India.
2. Age Limit
The aspirants can check the age limit of CDS 2022 exam for various posts in Combined Defence Services from the table below:
|Indian Military Academy||19-24||not earlier than 2nd Jan 1999 and not later than 1st Jan 2004|
|Indian Naval Academy||19-24||not earlier than 2nd Jan 1999 and not later than 1st Jan 2004|
|Indian Air Force Academy||19-24||not earlier than 2nd Jan 1999 and not later than 1st Jan 2004|
|Officers’ Training Academy||19-24||not earlier than 2nd Jan 1998 and not later than 1st Jan 2004|
Gender Requirement for Different Posts
|Indian Military Academy||Male||Unmarried|
|Indian Naval Academy||Male||Unmarried|
|Indian Air Force Academy||Male||Unmarried/Married|
|Officer Training Academy||Male||Unmarried|
|Officer Training Academy||Female||Unmarried|
What are the Physical Standards required for CDS Exam?
The aspirants who have applied for different posts of the CDS exam should be mentally and physically fit in order to meet the physical standard guidelines, as mentioned in the official CDS notification.
3. Educational Qualification
Check the educational qualification requirement of the UPSC CDS 1 2022 exam for different job posts from the table below.
|Post||Educational Eligibility Criteria|
|IMA||Graduate from Recognized University|
|INA||Engineering Degree from Recognized University|
|AFA||Engineering Degree (Physics & Maths at 10+2) or B. Tech from Recognized University|
|OTA||Graduate from Recognized University|
CDS Salary 2022: Grade Pay and Growth
The salary of CDS officers during the training period will receive a fixed stipend amount for all the officers at the equivalent levels of Army, Navy, and Air Force. At present, the expected stipend for the training period is ₹ 56,100 per month.
CDS Rank-wise Salaries 2022
|Lieutenant||Level 10||₹ 56,100 – 1,77,500|
|Captain||Level 10 B||₹ 6,13,00-1,93,900|
|Major||Level 11||₹ 6,94,00 – 2,07,200|
|Lieutenant Colonel||Level 12A||₹ 1,21,200 – 2,12400|
|Colonel||Level 13||₹ 1,30,600-2, 15,900|
|Brigadier||Level 13A||₹ 1,39,600-2,17,600|
|Major General||Level 14||₹ 1,44,200-2,18,200|
|Lieutenant General HAG Scale||Level 15||₹ 1, 82, 200-2,24,100|
|HAG+Scale||Level 16||₹ 2,05,400 – 2,24,400|
|VCOAS/Army Cdr/ Lieutenant General (NFSG)||Level 17||₹ 2,25,000/-(fixed)|
|COAS||Level 18||₹ 2,50,000/-(fixed)|
CDS Carrer Growth & Promotion
The promotions of CDS officer under their tenure are enlisted below: –
- Captain- Two years of commissioned service
- Major- Six years of commissioned service
- Lieutenant Colonel- Thirteen years of commissioned service
- Colonel- Fifteen years of commissioned service
- Colonel (TS)- Twenty-six years of commissioned service
- Major General- Twenty-five years of commissioned service
- Brigadier- Twenty-three years of commissioned service
- Lieutenant General- Twenty-eight years of commissioned service
- General- No restrictions
- Lieutenant- Promotion only after completion of training
CDS Exam Pattern 2022
The aspirants who are preparing for UPSC CDS 1 2022 exam should be aware of the latest CDS syllabus and exam pattern. Analysis of the pattern and proper understanding of the important topics of the syllabus will help students score better in this exam.
The CDS exam pattern 2022 is divided into two sections:
- Written Examination
- Intelligence & Personality Interview
The exam pattern of the CDS 1 examination is different for Officer Training Academy and Indian Naval Academy/Indian Military Academy/Indian Air Force.
CDS Exam Pattern for IMA, INA & OTA
The exam of Indian Naval Academy/Indian Military Academy/Indian Air Force comprises 3 papers, which carry a total of 300 marks. The total duration of each exam is 2 hours.
|General Knowledge||100||2 hours|
|Elementary Mathematics||100||2 hours|
CDS Exam Pattern for Officer Training Academy (OTA)
The exam of Officer Training Academy (OTA) consists of 2 subjects with a total of 200 Marks. The duration of the two exams is 4 hours (2 hours for each exam).
|General Knowledge||100||2 hours|
CDS Syllabus 2022
Candidates should be aware of the subjects of the CDS syllabus along with important topics. Candidates are required to check the entire syllabus of the CDS 2022 Exam for its thorough preparation.
|General Knowledge||Current affairs of the last 4-5 months from the examination date.|
|Elementary Math||Natural numbers|
Rational and Real numbers
Time & work
Time & distance
Profit & loss
Ratio & proportion
Prime and composite numbers
Simple and compound interest
HCF and LCME
CDS Selection Procedure
Below is the important detail for the UPSC CDS Selection procedure. Check it out.
The recruitment of AFA, IMA, INA & Officers Training Academy posts is done on the basis of:
- Written Exam
- SSB Interview/Personality Test
- Document Verification
- Medical Examination
A Merit list is prepared for those students who obtain good marks in the written examination and SSB Interview. Again note the final round of selection is based on the medical fitness for all available posts.
Note: The written exam of OTA consists of only 2 tests: GK and English.
CDS Books 2022
To prepare for the CDS exam, it is important to have a hold on the best study material for proper guidance.
|English||Wren & Martin’s High School English Grammar & CompositionWord Power Made Easy|
|General Knowledge||General Knowledge (Latest Edition)Manorama Year book|
|Mathematics||Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examinations Mathematics for CDS Examination|
CDS Cut Off 2022
- CDS Cut off will be officially released along with the declaration of the final result.
- Candidates who are going to appear in CDS 1 2022 exam can get an idea of the expected marks that they should score to clear the upcoming exam.
CDS 1 2021 – Cutoff Marks for IMA/INA/AFA/OTA
(*Aggregate marks of the last selected candidate)
(Marks of last recommended candidate)
|IMA (Indian Military Academy)||145||268|
|INA (Indian Naval Academy)||136||260|
|IAFA (Indian Airforce Academy)||158||281|
|OTA (Officers Training Academy: Men)||107||189|
|OTA (Officers Training Academy: Women)||107||191|
CDS 2 2020 Cut Off
|Name of Academy||CDS Cutoff (Written Exam)|
How to Check UPSC CDS Cut Off 1 & 2 exam?
In order to check the cut off of the UPSC CDS Exam, follow the steps mentioned below:
- Go to the official website – http://www.upsc.gov.in/.
- Now click on the “Examination” link in the header navigation.
- Go to the drop-down menu and click on “Cut Off Marks”.
- You will get a list of all the year-wise cut off marks.
- Under section Year: 2022 you will find the PDF link for CDS 2022 (I/II). Click on this link.
- A new window will be displayed, containing the Cut off marks of Phase I or II in a PDF format.
- You can download this PDF for future use.
What is CDS exam?
CDS exam is a national-level exam that is conducted by UPSC to recruit young graduates in the Indian Army, Indian Navy, Indian Airforce, Naval Academy, Officers Training Academy (Men & Women).
Can I apply for the CDS recruitment exam after 12th class?
No, the examination has graduation as the minimum educational eligibility criterion. Candidates who have not completed their graduation cannot apply for the CDS recruitment.
What is the full form of CDS?
The full form of CDS is Combined Defence Services. The exam is held every year to recruit eligible candidates into the armed forces across India.
What is the age limit for CDS?
CDS age limit for Airforce Academy is 23 years, while that of others is 24 years. Anyone outside this age bracket is not considered for CDS recruitment. Also note that only unmarried candidates can apply for CDS Exam.
What are the best CDS exam books?
NCERT books of classes 6-12 form the basic material for the course. The content of these classes is very crucial in fact and concept building. In addition to this, one can refer to ‘CDS Pathfinder’ for a holistic syllabus structure. Also, practising the previous year papers is important, so aspirants can take any relevant book containing the previous year papers.